Applications Stream

Alternatives in Energy Storage

Meeting Evolving & Increasing Energy Demands

March 28-29, 2018 | Fort Lauderdale Convention Center | Fort Lauderdale, Florida USA

Applications are evolving and energy demands are increasing. However, different energy storage applications have different sets of requirements (safety, size, weight and cost) and must be considered during battery development and design. Is the application better suited for high energy or high power? The answer then determines cell chemistry and cell architecture.

The Alternatives in Energy Storage: Meeting Evolving & Increasing Energy Demands conference explores the latest trends in energy storage, from small-scale mobility applications to large-scale industrial projects.

Wednesday, March 28

1:30 pm Shep Wolsky Battery Innovator Award and Tribute & Plenary Keynotes

1:45 Past, Present and Future of Lithium-Ion Batteries. Can New Technologies Open Up New Horizons?

Yoshio_NishiYoshio Nishi, PhD, Executive Alumni, Sony Corporation

Mr. Yoshio Nishi is retired senior vice president and chief technology officer of the Sony Corporation. He graduated in 1966 from the Faculty of Applied Chemistry of the Department of Technology at Keio University in Tokyo and immediately joined Sony, where he rose through the ranks to become corporate research fellow, vice president, and president of the company’s materials laboratories. In 1991 his team succeeded in the commercialization of the first lithium-ion secondary batteries (LIB). In 1994 he received technical awards from the Electrochemical Societies of both Japan and the United States in recognition of his contributions to LIB technology. In 2014, Dr. Nishi was awarded the Draper Prize by the National Academy of Engineering for pioneering and leading the groundwork for today’s lithium-ion battery. Since the early 1990s, LIBs were introduced into various mobile devices and we were reasonably confident that our customers would be satisfied with their performance. Shortly afterwards, however, we noticed that there were some discrepancies between the performance we offered and that expected by our customers. Dr. Nishi will discuss here what LIB users really require from secondary batteries.

2:05 Global Electrification and LG Chem

Denise GrayDenise Gray, CEO, LG Chem Power

Denise Gray is President/CEO of LG Chem Power Inc. (LGCPI), the North American subsidiary of lithium-ion battery maker, LG Chem (LGC), Korea. In this position, she has overall responsibility for the strategic direction, engineering, and business development activities for the North American market. The majority of her professional career, nearly 30 years, was spent at General Motors in the USA. Director of Battery Systems Engineering, Director of Transmission Controls Engineering, Director of Powertrain Controller Engineering, Director of Powertrain Software Engineering, and development of powertrain and vehicle electrical systems were her core engineering responsibilities. A review of the current global trends in vehicle electrification and automotive battery technologies will be presented. This will be carried out highlighting LG Chem’s participation in the various segments from materials, cell and cost points of view.

2:25 Addressing Key Battery Issues from a Thermodynamics Perspective

Rachid_YazamiRachid Yazami, PhD, School of Materials Science & Engineering, Program Director, Energy Storage, Energy Research Institute, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Rachid Yazami is a French Morrocan scientist best known for his research on lithium-ion batteries and on fluoride-ion batteries. He is the inventor of the graphite anode (negative pole) of lithium-ion batteries. In 2014 Rachid Yazami, John Goodenough, Yoshio Nishi and Akira Yoshino were awarded the Draper Prize by the National Academy of Engineering for pioneering and leading the groundwork for today’s lithium-ion battery. In this presentation, we will show how online thermodynamics data collection and processing addresses the SOC and SOH determination. We found a universal rule, which applies to all LIB tested at any SOH (ageing), that is the SOC is a linear function of entropy and enthalpy. Linearity coefficients are LIB chemistry and SOH dependent. Therefore, the thermodynamics assessment method teaches on the type of cathode material and on the degree of anode and cathode degradation as the battery ages.

2:45 Refreshment Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

Stationary Energy Storage

3:30 Organizer’s Opening Remarks

Mary Ann Brown, Executive Director, Conferences, Cambridge EnerTech

3:35 Chairperson’s Remarks

Xianfeng Li, PhD, Professor, Division of Energy Storage, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

3:40 FEATURED PRESENTATION: Stable Annulated Dialkoxybenzenes as Catholyte Materials for Non-Aqueous Redox Flow Batteries

Lu_ZhangLu Zhang, PhD, Chemist, Electrochemical Energy Storage, Argonne National Laboratory

Redox active molecules are a key component that could determine the performance of non-aqueous redox flow batteries (NRFBs). Two novel bicyclical substituted dialkoxybenzene molecules, BODMA and BODEA, have been developed for use as catholyte materials in NRFBs. These molecules have been engineered to provide greater solubility (in their neutral state) and improved chemical stability (in their charged state). The substitution in the arene ring excludes a large class of parasitic radical reactions resulting in improved chemical stability. A hybrid flow cell using BODMA as the catholyte material demonstrated stable efficiencies and capacity over 150 cycles.

4:10 Aqueous Redox Flow Batteries for Grid Energy Storage

Bin_LiBin Li, PhD, Staff Scientist, Energy and Environment, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Redox flow batteries (RFBs) systems, as one of the most promising electrical energy storage systems, provide an alternative solution to the problems of balancing power generation and consumption. Because of good safety characteristics and high power densities (e.g., VRBs), aqueous systems have attracted widespread interest. We introduce new low-cost aqueous systems developed at PNNL based on Zn/I or organometallic redox species.

4:40 Zinc-Based Flow Battery with High Energy Density and Low Cost for Stationary Energy Storage

Xianfeng_LiXianfeng Li, PhD, Professor, Division of Energy Storage, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Flow battery is one of the most important technologies to store sustainable energy such as solar and wind power. Current flow batteries are somehow limited by relatively low energy density and high cost. Zinc-based flow battery is very attractive due to its low cost and high energy density. We present some Zinc-based flow batteries, e.g., Zn/Br, Zn/Fe, which are very promising for next-generation energy storage.

5:10 Networking Reception in Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

6:10 Close of Day

Thursday, March 29

7:45 am Registration Open

7:45 Interactive Breakout Discussion Groups with Continental Breakfast

Participants choose a specific breakout discussion group to join. Each group has a moderator to ensure focused discussions around key issues within the topic. This format allows participants to meet potential collaborators, share examples from their work, vet ideas with peers, and be part of a group problem-solving endeavor. The discussions provide an informal exchange of ideas and are not meant to be a corporate or specific product discussion.

TABLE 1: Future Electrode Manufacturing for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Jianlin Li, PhD, Research Scientist, Energy & Transportation Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

TABLE 2: Battery Storage Integration into the Electric Grid

Vivian Sultan, Professor, Information Systems and Business Management, College of Business and Economics, California State University, Los Angeles

TABLE 3: Li-Ion Battery Safety: Prediction, Prevention, Levels and Legalities

John Zhang, PhD, Senior Technology Executive Officer, Asahi Kensai Group, Japan

TABLE 4: Conductive Additives for High Rate LIB Performance

Rob Privette, Vice President, Energy Markets, XG Sciences

TABLE 5: Battery Charging, What Features Will Be Required in the Future?

Naoki Matsumura, Senior Technologist, Intel Corporation

TABLE 6: Battery Safety Testing and Simulation

Brian Barnett, PhD, Vice President, CAMX Power

TABLE 7: Battery Degradation and Safety

Craig Arnold, PhD, Director, Princeton Institute for the Science and Technology of Materials, Princeton University

TABLE 8: Lessons Learned from the Samsung Galaxy Note7 Battery Safety Events

Shmuel De-Leon, CEO, Shmuel De-Leon Energy, Ltd.

8:45 Session Break

Electrode and Electrolyte Dynamics

9:00 Chairperson’s Remarks

Xingcheng Xiao, PhD, Staff Researcher, Chemical and Material System Lab, General Motors Global R&D Center

9:05 Mechano-Chemical Response of Battery Materials for Biomechanical Energy Harvesting

Cary_PintCary L. Pint, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vanderbilt University

We present research efforts demonstrating how flexible battery materials can be reconfigured into an electrochemical device to harvest, rather than store, energy. Results will demonstrate design criteria for energy harvesters tailored to frequencies and bending angles relevant to human biomechanical motion, with the purpose of energy harvesting fabric design.

9:30 Solid Electrolytes for Lithium Metal Batteries

Daniel_HallimanDaniel T. Hallinan Jr., PhD, Assistant Professor, Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, FAMU-FSU College of Engineering

Solid electrolytes will enable safer, longer-lasting, next-generation batteries, but new techniques are required to determine electrochemical transport parameters and reaction kinetics. Using 7Li Magnetic Resonance Imaging, concentration gradients in solid polymer electrolytes were visualized to determine salt diffusion coefficients. An electrochemical alternative to the rotating disk electrode has been developed to investigate oxidative electrolyte degradation and lithium plating/stripping kinetics in cells with solid polymer electrolyte.

9:55 Promise and Challenges of Practical High-Power-Density Solid-State Batteries

Johannes_VossJohannes Voss, PhD, Staff Scientist, SUNCAT Center for Interface Science and Catalysis, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University

All-solid-state batteries could in principle be safe non-flammable high-gravimetric energy density replacements for liquid electrolyte Li-ion batteries in electric vehicles. Based on first-principles theory, we show that there are no fundamental power limitations in going from a solid-liquid to a sharp solid-solid interface. Practically, however, there are several interfacial issues that seem to make high-power-density solid-state batteries with long cycle life challenging.

ALD_Nanosolutions  10:20 Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) Coatings Enable Higher Energy Batteries with Enhanced Lifetimes

Rob Hall, PhD, Director, Product Development, ALD NanoSolutions, Inc.

Lithium-ion batteries are driving today’s growth in the battery market. Dramatic changes and industry expansion are creating large new markets for cost-effective, nano-engineered materials. ALD Nano uses proprietary Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) techniques to enable new battery materials that solve battery performance challenges cost-effectively at scale.

10:35 Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

Electrode and Electrolyte Dynamics (Cont.)

11:20 Printing 3D Gel Polymer Electrolyte Using Projection-Type Micro-Stereolithography

Liang_PanLiang Pan, PhD, Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University

Here we demonstrate the use of projection stereo-micro-lithography as a low-cost and high-throughput method to fabricate three-dimensional (3D) microbattery. We used UV-curable gel electrolyte under micro-stereolithography to build a 3D architecture of microbattery. Active materials, LFP and LTO, are mixed with carbon black and flown into the 3D structure. The GPE is characterized and the microbattery is performed a cycling test. Results show a feasibility of microbattery fabrication using projection micro-stereolithography.

11:50 Power and Energy Tradeoffs in Li-Air Batteries: The Importance of Electrolyte Dynamics

Forrest_GittlesonForrest S. Gittleson, PhD, Advanced Battery Technology Engineer, BMW Technology Office USA

Emerging Li-air batteries can achieve exceptionally high energy densities, yet current combinations of electrolytes and electrodes have been unable to demonstrate reasonable power densities and long-term efficient cycling. For high-power applications, major issues include poor reactant transport and electrolyte decomposition. This presentation details Sandia’s efforts to combine experimental electrochemistry, synthesis, and simulation to better understand the influence of electrolyte dynamics on full battery operation.

12:20 pm Advanced Electrode Materials for Next-Generation Lithium-Ion Batteries

Xingcheng_XiaoXingcheng Xiao, PhD, Staff Researcher, Chemical and Material System Lab, General Motors Global R&D Center

12:50 Session Break

1:00 Networking Luncheon (Sponsorship Opportunity Available) or Enjoy Lunch on Your Own

2:00 Dessert Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

Hybrid Batteries

2:30 Chairperson’s Remarks

Brian Cunningham, Engineer, U.S. Department of Energy

2:35 FEATURED PRESENTATION: Considerations in the Selection of Batteries to be Used with Supercapacitors in Vehicle Applications

Andrew_BurkeAndrew F. Burke, PhD, Research Faculty, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis

The selection of batteries to be used with supercapacitors in plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) is analyzed from the design, performance, and economic points of view. The use of the supercapacitors to load-level the energy storage battery permits the use of an “energy battery” rather than a “power battery” in PHEVs. Energy batteries have higher energy density, longer cycle life, and lower cost than power batteries of the same energy storage capacity (kWh).

3:05 Toward Highly Stable Solid-State Unconventional Thin-Film Battery-Supercapacitor Hybrid Devices: Interfacing Vertical Core-Shell Array Electrodes with a Gel Polymer Electrolyte

Jun_LiJun Li, PhD, Professor, Department of Chemistry, Kansas State University

3:35 Hybrid Battery/Supercapacitor Energy Storage Systems Supply the Power Demands of Small Devices

Gene_ArmstrongGene Armstrong, Director, Applications, Engineering, PBC Tech

Small devices require physically small energy storage capabilities. Unfortunately, small form factor batteries suffer from a lack of ability to deliver the peak power and while meeting the supply noise requirements of pulsed load applications such as RF transmitters, camera flashed or audio speaker drivers. In conjunction with the advances in thin battery technology, the supercapacitor is well positioned to form a hybrid battery/capacitor solution to achieve high power delivery in tight spaces.

The Road to Commercialization

4:05 Accelerating the Commercialization and Launch of New Battery Materials with Special Focus and Emphasis on Manufacturability of New Materials and Designs

Curtiss_RennCurtiss Renn, PhD, Senior Scientist, Polaris Laboratories LLC

There are tremendous developments associated with new materials to enhance the performance of rechargeable batteries and many challenges that make the transition to full production difficult and time consuming. Polaris Labs works with a variety of developers and strives to help them move quickly through the development process to full production. We point out areas to consider in the assessment and processing of new materials as well as considerations to ease the transition to full production.

4:30 PANEL DISCUSSION: The Cost of Quality in Advanced Battery Development and Manufacturing

John_WozniakJohn Wozniak, President, Energy Storage and Power Consulting

Panelists: Bruce Miller, Technology Strategist, Dell

Brian Cunningham, Engineer, U.S. Department of Energy

Curtiss Renn, PhD, Senior Scientist, Polaris Laboratories LLC

Additional Panelists to be Announced

The development of durable and affordable advanced batteries for use in automotive, consumer electronics and stationary applications drives R&D activities. This panel of experts examines the true cost of quality and how approaches to the development of advanced batteries must be adapted to avoid the significant pitfalls on the road to commercialization.

5:30 Close of Conference