John Zhang, PhD, Senior Technology Executive Officer, Asahi Kasei SSBU Polypore, Celgard LLC
With ever-increasing energy density demands, improvement of battery safety becomes more and more critical. One of the key components for improving and balancing the battery safety and energy density is the battery separator. From Li-ion history, we know the Ceramic Coated (Celgard Patent 6,432,586) separator greatly improved separator strength at high temperatures, therefore, greatly improved Li-ion safety and enabled the real high energy density Li-ion development and applications in 3C, EDV and ESS. Nowadays, almost all high-energy density Li-ion batteries are using Ceramic Coated Separator. Many high-energy density cathode and anode materials have since been developed. However, they cannot be applied to practical battery applications in 3C, EDV, and ESS due to serious safety problems (again) of these theoretically high energy density Lithium batteries. In this paper, we will address various separator properties truly relevant to battery safety, characterization methodologies, and their influences on battery safety and performance, with the goal of further advancing Li-ion battery technologies by further improving their safety, therefore, achieving higher energy density.